The ancient Chinese are said to have three doctrines: Confucianism, Buddhism, and Taoism, with Christianity and Islam arriving only in the 7th century A.D. Laozi, according to tradition, was the 6th century B.C. Chinese philosopher who wrote the Tao Te Ching of Taoism. Confucius (551-479) taught morality. His philosophy became important during the Han Dynasty (206 B.C.-A.D.220). Herbert A Giles (1845-1935), a British Sinologist who modified the Roman version of Chinese characters, says although it is often counted as a religion of China, Confucianism is not a religion, but a system of social and political morality. The Indian emperor Ashoka sent Buddhist missionaries to China in the third century B.C.
This GCSE Religious Studies book (with free Online Edition) covers Religion and Life for the Edexcel exam board (Units 1 to 5). It's full of clear revision notes on aspects of Christianity, Roman Catholic Christianity, Islam and Judaism and there are practice questions at the end of every section to check how much you've learned. There's a useful section at the back with loads of tips and example answers to help you do well in your exams, including in-depth advice for scoring top marks for spelling, punctuation and grammar. What's more, a free Online Edition of the whole book is included - perfect for revising on a PC, Mac or tablet device.
Perhaps 50 million adult Americans now say their religion is "none" or "don't know." This number has climbed dramatically since the 1990s. About 20 million U.S. Catholics have left that church - so one-tenth of American adults now are ex-Catholics. Two-thirds of American Christians in their 20s drop out of church before age 30, one report estimates. Once-prestigious mainline Protestant faiths with seminary-educated clergy have disintegrated so severely since 1960 that one analyst refers to "Flatline Protestantism." An estimated 4,000 American churches close each year. From every direction, evidence is snowballing that America, known for devout religion, is following the secular path of Western Europe, Canada, Australia, Japan and other modern democracies, where churchgoing has retreated to a fringe. The trend can be seen in cultural changes such as the rapid social acceptance of gays. The Bible commands that homosexuals "shall surely be put to death," and fundamentalist churches have ranted against them for centuries - yet most Americans now feel that they deserve human rights and equality. Religion has lost its power to dictate America's morality. This book chronicles the slow, relentless demise of supernatural religion in America and the West.
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